Institution of Affiliation
Comparison between Botticelli’s ‘The Birth of Venus’ and Da Vinci’s ‘The Virgin and Child with St. Anne’
The two works of art include Sandro Botticelli’s ‘The Birth of Venus’ and Leonardo Da Vinci’s ‘The Virgin and Child with St. Anne’. The two pieces of art have a lot of similarities and at the same time have certain differences that make them unique. Both artworks were developed during the Renaissance Period, with ‘The Birth of Venus’ dating 1485 ca. and ‘The Virgin and Child with St. Anne’ dating to 1503. Both of them are fine arts of the Renaissance era as they consist of fine details in the images. Despite being from the same movement, they differ in the year of creation with ‘The Birth of Venus’ being created earlier than ‘The Virgin and Child with St. Anne’. Regarding the location, they are located in different regions and places. The birth of Venus is located at Uffizi Gallery, an art museum in Florence Italy. ‘The Virgin and Child with St. Anne’, on the other hand, is located in the Louvre museum in Paris, France.
‘The birth of Venus’ incorporates various elements of arts that include line, form, value, space, color, and Texture. The images on the portrait use a 3D form, the lines are used in the trees, and space has been used to distinguish objects that are close and those that are far. Space has also been used to identify the sky. Light color has been used to indicate space while dark color indicates close objects. The same elements of art have been used in ‘The Virgin and Child with St. Anne’ painting and they include form, value, texture, color, space, and line. ‘The Virgin and Child with St. Anne’ image uses a 3D form, lines have been used in the clothing and the ground, and light color has been used to indicate space. Volume has been used to indicate the color intensity both in the image and its background. Regarding the elements of design, both artworks are more similar as they share most of the elements that include form, line, color, space, and value.
The principles of art used in ‘The birth of Venus’ include balance, contrast, harmony, variety, and movement. The principle of movement has been used to indicate the direction of action and can be seen in the water moving towards the shore. Balance has been used to indicate equilibrium, there are people on both sides of the Venus that have been used to maintain balance. Harmony has been maintained in the portrait in that objects are placed in the place where they belong for example trees on the land. Emphasis as well has been highly used to indicate the contrast, and this helps in identifying and separating objects that are close together. All the objects are proportional in the portrait. Similar principles of art have been used in ‘The Virgin and Child with St. Anne’ that includes balance, contrast, proportion, harmony, and variety. The difference between the two artworks is in the movement and contrast. ‘The Virgin and Child with St. Anne’ has no depiction of movement and uses darker hues which are in contrast to the birth of Venus.
‘The birth of Venus’ uses the media Tempera on canvas with a measurement of 172.5 x 278.5 cm, while ‘The Virgin and Child with St. Anne’ painting uses oil paint as the medium with the measurements of 1.68 m x 1.12 m. The two works are therefore different in that they use different media for the portraits. Besides they are entirely of different sizes.
Both arts were developed during the Renaissance movement. ‘The birth of Venus’ was influenced by religion as it involves the goddess of love moving on to the land from the sea. ‘The Virgin and Child with St. Anne’ painting, on the other hand, as well was influenced by religion as it is an image depicts St Anne, her daughter the Virgin Mary and the infant Jesus, a Christian line of religion of the holy family. Regarding the influence, they are both similar regarding religion but as well created for different purposes. ‘The birth of Venus’ was religious with the emphasis for love while ‘The Virgin and Child with St. Anne’ was created to show sacrificial love to which Jesus Christ demonstrated by dying on the cross. Jesus is regarded as the sacrificial lamb as God sacrificed his only son for the salvation of the human race.
The two works of art are similar and at the same time different in various aspects. They are more similar regarding the elements of arts but somehow differs in the principles of art such as movement. However, they were developed in the same period and this can explain the reason why they are much similar. Another reason why they are similar is that they both convey the theme of love in a religious way.
Corsini, Diletta. Botticelli. The birth of Venus. Giunti Editore, 1998.
Di Giacomo, C., and F. Trimarchi. “Virgin and child with Saint Anne by Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528).” Journal of endocrinological investigation 39.3 (2016): 355-356.