Evaluate the effectiveness of jury decision making and suggest improvements which might aid their decision making.

Question:
Evaluate the effectiveness of jury decision making and suggest improvements which
might aid their decision making.

Word Limit:
2000 words including in-text referencing, excluding footnotes and bibliography.
Referencing:
Your coursework answer should be properly referenced using the Harvard
Referencing System ONLY.
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How to submit:
Written Coursework:
Ensure that you consult your individual module guides for details on individual assessments.
Presentation
The assignment itself should be in Arial font size 11 and in double line spacing to allow for the markers’
comments.
Your name must not appear on your assignment. All assessed coursework is marked anonymously using
your student registration number on your ID card. Your student registration number and module name
should appear on every page of your essay and each page should be numbered. This is best achieved
by use of the header and footer tool. You are also required to put your student registration number and
module title in the file name of your assignment when submitting on StudyNet (e.g. Crime and Deviance
14043489.doc).
Word Length1
Your word count must appear at the end of your work.
Do not exceed the word limit in relation to your answer by more than 10%. If you do, then your mark will
be capped at 40%.
The word count for coursework will include in-text referencing but will NOT include footnotes or the
bibliography. However, footnotes must not include material that should be in the body of the answer or be
used as a means to circumvent the word count.
Late Submission of Coursework
Submission deadlines are not flexible. Students should submit their work well in advance of the
deadline (ideally several hours) to be sure of a reliable internet connection and sufficient upload
time. Work submitted at any point (including seconds) after the deadline is recorded as a late
submission and will be capped.
All students must note that failure to submit coursework by the dates and time specified has SERIOUS
CONSEQUENCES. The penalties for late submission of coursework are:
a. Coursework (including deferred coursework, but with the exception of referred coursework)
relating to modules at Levels 0, 4, 5 and 6, submitted up to one (1) week after the published
deadline will receive a maximum numeric grade of 40.
b. Coursework (including deferred coursework, but with the exception of referred coursework)
relating to modules at Level 7 submitted up to one (1) week after the published deadline will
receive a maximum numeric grade of 50.
c. Referred coursework submitted after the published deadline will be awarded a grade of zero (0).
(Unless there is an agreed extension to the deadline or there are Serious Adverse
Circumstances)
1 Students should note that in Microsoft Word, if the reference mark (footnote number) is inside the punctuation
mark, then the punctuation gets counted as a new work. If the reference mark is outside the punctuation mark, then
it will not be counted. E.g. He said 1. = 3 words; He said 1, = 3 words; He said. 1 = 2 words; He said, 1 = 2 words.
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d. Coursework (including deferred coursework) submitted later than one (1) week after the
published deadline will be awarded a grade of zero (0). (Unless there is an agreed extension to
the deadline or there are Serious Adverse Circumstances)
Referencing
All quotations from, or use of other writers’ work must be properly referenced- that is, you must give the
author, title, and date of publication of the work concerned, and the page or section number of the
passage quoted or cited. Reference style should remain consistent throughout each submitted essay.
Your coursework answer should be properly referenced using the Harvard Referencing System.
You should include a full bibliography at the end of your work.
Turnitin
All modules within the School will offer students the opportunity to use Turnitin formatively. Formative
submission will be limited to one attempt per assignment in line with the University policy which seeks to
support the development of students’ academic writing skills and to promote good academic practice.
Students will be able to make use of of Turnitin for the larger assessments worth 50% or more. These are
mainly positioned within Semester B. All final year dissertations/individual projects should be run through
Turnitin. These are all submitted in Semester B/C.
Students will use Turnitin from the options below according to the level of study and specific module
requirements:
• Summative essays worth at least 50% of the module mark;
• Specific pieces of coursework which require submission of a Turnitin report as designated by the
Programme Leader;
• Turnitin may be used on individual pieces of work in which plagiarism is suspected, taking
account of the level of study, the level of writing maturity expected of the student and the nature
of the assignment task.
Extensions
Extensions are only available in exceptional circumstances and requests MUST BE MADE AT LEAST 3
WORKING DAYS IN ADVANCE OF THE HAND-IN DATE and sent using the official form at the back of
this handbook to the following email address:
level5lawextensions@herts.ac.uk
You will receive a decision within 48 HOURS. All requests must use the
level5lawextensions@herts.ac.uk email address as extension requests sent to individual members of
staff will not be considered. Please do not send multiple requests for the same extension. Only
authorised extensions will not receive a late penalty. Where illness is put forward as being the
extenuating circumstance this must be supported by independent evidence from a doctor or other
appropriate professional. Financial difficulties will not be regarded as adverse circumstances to justify
extension of a deadline, neither will computer crashes or disk errors. Coursework received after the
granted extension date will have the appropriate penalties applied to them.
6
Serious Adverse Circumstances
Serious Adverse Circumstances are significant circumstances beyond a student’s control that would have
affected your ability to perform to your full potential if you were to sit or submit an assessment at the
appointed time. As a general rule, if a student has a valid claim for serious adverse circumstances then
they should not sit the affected examination(s) or submit the affected coursework(s). If the Board of
Examiners accepts your claim, you will be offered a deferred assessment. Students will no longer be able
to sit/submit any type of assessment and then later claim that their work/performance has been affected
by Serious Adverse Circumstances.
If you sit/submit an assessment, by doing so you are stating that you are fit and well to do so. Therefore,
you will not be able to claim later that Serious Adverse Circumstances have affected your
work/performance. Students who believe they have Serious Adverse Circumstances which could affect
their performance, are responsible for notifying the Chairperson of the Board in writing of their
circumstances. This should be done at the earliest time possible, before the Board of Examiner’s
meeting. (For more information see: http://sitem.herts.ac.uk/secreg/upr/AS14.htm – the Serious Adverse
Circumstances Form is located on the programme pages on StudyNet).
What happens when I submit an assessment?
ü All work is marked anonymously.
ü All work is marked against grading criteria, which is detailed in this document.
ü Each element of assessment has a marking scheme attached to it to ensure that teams which
have more than one marker are marking against objectively determined principles.
ü Once marked, a sample of the assignments will be moderated by at least one other tutor to
ensure that there is consistency in both the mark and the feedback given.
ü You will receive interim feedback 3 weeks after the submission deadline.
ü In some cases (such as a dissertation), work is double-blind marked meaning that assignments
are marked independently by two markers and a final mark is agreed.
ü Your marked assignment and mark will be returned within four calendar weeks. If there is a delay
to this (for example due to marker illness), you will be notified in advance by the Associate Dean
(Academic Quality Assurance).
ü All marks are provisional and await confirmation by the relevant Board of Examiners.
If you have any queries about your marked work following its return, please arrange an appointment to
speak with the marker in the first instance.
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Students’ coursework will be returned to them together with feedback through StudyNet in a timely
manner, no later than four (4) calendar weeks after the submission deadline. Any exceptions to this must
be agreed by the Associate Dean of School (Academic Quality Assurance) and notified to students in
advance of the expiration of the four (4) week period. For work of an on-going nature, such as a major
project or dissertation, supervising staff will ensure that students are provided with feedback at interim
stages.
8
1. Academic Offences
Specific detail relating to academic offences is located in UPR AS13 & AS14. Assessment (by
examination or coursework) can be stressful, but is part of everyday life for students and most people
manage it well. There are a small number who seek to gain an unfair advantage over their fellow
students by acts of academic misconduct. Academic misconduct comes in various forms but the most
common are plagiarism (i.e. presenting another person’s work as your own), falsification of data, collusion
and cheating. The University takes a very dim view of such activity and the penalties can be severe. The
best advice is not to do it in the first place. If you are finding a module difficult then speak to one of the
teaching staff.
a. Cheating
To attempt to gain an unfair, improper or dishonest advantage in the assessment process; to gain an
unfair, improper or dishonest advantage in the assessment process; where on the balance of probability it
could reasonably be construed that a candidate intended to gain an unfair, improper or dishonest
advantage in the assessment process. Cheating includes:
a) Impersonation – either where a student allows any other person to take an assessment on their behalf
or to present themselves as being that student or where a current University of Hertfordshire student
takes an assessment on behalf of another University of Hertfordshire student;
b) Obtaining or attempting to obtain unauthorised access to examination papers;
c) The copying of, or attempting to copy, the work of another candidate in the examination or other in
class assessment, whether by overlooking what he or she has written or is writing or by asking him or her
for information in whatever form;
d) The introduction into an examination room (or any other room in which a formal assessment is taking
place) of aids including books, notes, personal notes or revision notes in any form, papers, stationery,
computer disks or other devices of any kind other than those permitted in the rubric of the examination
paper. This includes, for example, unauthorised information stored in the memory of a pocket calculator,
in a mobile telephone, personal organiser or any other device;
e) Requesting a temporary absence from an examination room (or any other room in which a formal
assessment is taking place) with the intention of gaining, or attempting to gain, access to information that
may be relevant to a formal assessment;
f) False statements made in order to receive special considerations by the Board of Examiners or to
obtain extensions to deadlines or exemption from work;
g) Assisting or attempting to assist another University of Hertfordshire student to gain or attempt to gain
an unfair, improper, or dishonest advantage in the assessment process;
h) The purchase or theft of material submitted for assessment;
i) Academic misconduct offences as defined by section 2.1.4, a – f, where on a balance of probability, it
could reasonably be construed that a candidate attempted or intended to gain an unfair, improper or
dishonest advantage in the assessment process.
b. Plagiarism:
The misappropriation or use of others’ ideas, intellectual property or work (written or otherwise), without
acknowledgement or permission. This may include, but is not limited to:
a) The importing of phrases from or all or part of another person’s work without using quotation marks
and identifying the source;
b) Without acknowledgement of the source, making extensive use of another person’s work, either by
summarising or paraphrasing the work merely by changing a few words or by altering the order in which
the material is presented;
c) The use of the ideas of another person without acknowledgement of the source or the presentation of
work which substantially comprises the ideas of another person and which represents these as being the
ideas of the candidate. (For the avoidance of doubt, plagiarism may be intentional or unintentional)
c. Collusion:
Evidence of the representation by an individual of work which he or she has undertaken jointly with
another person as having been undertaken independently of that person.
9
10
1. Grading Criteria
The following tables are provided by the University to assist in the interpretation of numeric
grades given for assessments:
Levels 0, 4, 5, 6 (Undergraduate Level) Level 7 (Masters Level)
Numeric
Grade
awarded
Interpretation of Grade Numeric
Grade
awarded
Interpretation of Grade
Grade
Descriptor
Equivalent
Classification
Descriptor
Grade
Descriptor
Equivalent
Classification
Descriptor
80-100 Outstanding 1st Class
Honours/
Distinction
80-100 Outstanding 1st Class Honours/
Distinction 70-79 Excellent 70-79 Excellent
60-69 Very good
Upper 2nd Class
Honours/
Commendation
60-69 Very good
Upper 2nd Class
Honours/
Commendation
50-59 Good Lower 2nd Class
Honours/Pass
50-59 Good/
satisfactory
Lower 2nd Class
Honours/Pass
50 Referred Pass
40-49 Satisfactory
3rd Class
Honours/Pass 40-49 Marginal fail
Not applicable
40 Referred Pass
30-39 30-39 Marginal fail Clear fail
Not applicable 20-29 Clear fail 20-29
0-19 Little or nothing
of merit 0-19 Little or nothing
of merit
CJC Programme Handbook
More guidance on the School Assessment policies is available in the CJC Programme Handbook which is
available on StudyNet.
11
Presentation & structure
Includes:
Content / Knowledge
Includes:
Breadth / Depth &
Integration of Sources
Includes:
Analysis & Application
includes:
Presentation of
References
Includes:
Structure work to present a
coherent point of view from
both sides of the argument if
required
Use the introduction to set
out these ideas
Begin to use more
academic and legal
language
Identify the legal or other
relevant issues raised by
the question
State the law or other
sources accurately and in
appropriate detail
Provide a reasoned and
supported conclusion
Demonstrate use of texts
and leading case law or
other sources
Consider both sides of an
argument with supporting
material from law or other
sources
Integrate this supporting
material concisely into
your argument
Analysis:
Use your material to
demonstrate your
understanding of the
issues
Attempt to include a
balance of contrasting
arguments to support
your analysis from your
sources
Application:
Make good use of
supporting sources to
develop your application
Use a range of footnotes to
cite your references
This can be used to
evidence your wider reading
and research
Include all references in your
bibliography
Use the referencing system
– information available on
Studynet under Learning
Resources
Key tips:
Continue to make good use
of paragraphs to logically
order your discussion
Check your grammar for
clarity of expression
Use the spell checker and
double check unusual words
such as case names
Ensure your spell checker is
set to English UK
Make more substantial use
of footnotes than at level 4
Key tips:
Aim for a balance of
appropriate detail
highlighting the key issues
from your sources
depending on the
significance of the issue to
the answer
Avoid description, balance
your argument with analysis
and application
Avoid including irrelevant
material to the question set
Key tips:
For a higher mark you will
need to show evidence of
reading beyond the basic
texts and leading cases.
Look for relevant journal
articles or case notes to
enhance your answer
Key tips:
Review the instruction in
the Q – words such as
‘Analyse’, ‘Argue’,
‘Examine’ elate to
Analysis whilst words
such as ‘Apply’
‘Demonstrate’, ‘Illustrate’
relate to Application
Keep the instructions in
mind whilst preparing
your answer
In a problem question
scenario you should
analyse the issues from
both sides of the
competing arguments
and then in your
application identify the
position of the party you
are asked to advise
providing any difficulties
to their position in your
conclusion
Key tip:
Avoid plagiarism
Ensure you use quotation
marks where relevant and
reference the quotation
If this is an individual piece of assessed work, ensure you avoid collusion when preparing and writing your answer
Detailed criteria on mark ranges below:
12
Written Work Assessment and Grading Criteria: Level 5
Numeric
Grade
Grade
Descriptor
Written Work Level 5 Grading Criteria
Presentation &
structure
Content /
Knowledge
Breadth / Depth &
Integration of
Sources
Analysis &
Application
Presentation of
References
80-100 Outstanding
work
Outstanding
presentation & clarity.
No significant
grammatical / spelling
errors.
Outstanding
exploration of topic
showing excellent
knowledge &
understanding.
Outstanding
breadth & depth of
sources used.
Outstanding
integration of
sources into work.
Outstanding level of
analysis &
application.
Highly developed /
focused work.
Outstanding standard
of referencing within
text with accuracy to
those on list.
Accurate list & use of
recommended
referencing system.
70-79 Excellent
work
Excellent structure.
Fluent writing style
with very few errors.
Excellent level of
knowledge &
demonstrated. Covers
all relevant points &
issues.
Excellent breadth &
depth.
Excellent
integration of
sources into work.
Excellent level of
analysis &
application of
issues.
Excellent standard of
referencing within text
with accuracy to those
on list.
Accurate list & use of
recommended
referencing system.
60-69 Very good
work
Very good clear
structure.
Articulate & fluent
writing style. Very few
grammatical errors &
spelling mistakes.
Very good level of
knowledge &
understanding
demonstrated. Some
minor issues not fully
explored or applied
Very good breadth
& depth appropriate
to topic.
Sources integrated
very well.
Very good level of,
analysis &
application but not
consistently taken
to full extent.
Very good standard of
referencing within text
with general accuracy
to those on list.
Use of recommended
referencing system.
50-59 Good work Good clear
presentation &
structure with
paragraphing.
Writing is mainly clear
but some spelling &/
or grammatical errors.
Good level of
knowledge &
understanding
demonstrated. Most
major issues explored
with some minor
aspects not
considered
Good breadth &
depth appropriate to
topic.
Sources integrated
well.
Good level of
analysis &
application but
some issues could
be addressed or
developed further.
Some minor
omissions.
Good standard of
referencing within text
with most accurate to
those on list.
Use of recommended
referencing system.
40-49 Satisfactory
work
Satisfactory but
basic structure.
Not always written
clearly & has
grammatical & / or
spelling errors.
Satisfactory level of
knowledge &
understanding but
with limited integration
into topic set. Some
major issues not fully
explored and minor
issues omitted.
Satisfactory breadth
& depth appropriate
to topic.
Sources integrated
in some places.
Satisfactory level of
analysis &
application but
some matters
superficially
addressed or
omitted
Basic referencing
within text &
consistent use of
referencing system.
Some inaccuracies in
recording.
30-39 Marginal Fail Weak format, limited
or poor structure.
Muddled work with
many spelling & / or
grammatical errors.
Unsatisfactory
evidence of
knowledge &
understanding with
limited exploration or
omission of the major
issues
Limited or muddled
understanding of
the topic with
limited reference to
relevant sources
with some irrelevant
to topic.
Limited evidence of
analysis &
application.
More development
& comment needed.
Answer generally
limited to accurate
description.
Use of referencing
system with errors &
inconsistently applied.
Limited referencing
within the text. Limited
accuracy of in-text
references compared
to those in the final
Reference list.
20 – 29 Clear Fail Inadequate format &
poor paragraphing /
signposting.
Inappropriate writing
style
Poorly written &/or
poor spelling &
grammar.
Inadequate evidence
of knowledge &
understanding with
very limited
exploration or
omission of the major
issues.
Very limited
understanding of
topic with very
limited reference to
relevant sources
and possible
reference to
irrelevant sources
Inadequate.
Very limited
evidence of
analysis &
application.
Answer generally
limited to
description, some of
which is inaccurate.
Inadequate
Inaccurate use of
referencing system or
absence of use of
system
1 – 19 Little or
Nothing of
merit
Nothing of merit.
Poorly written work,
lacking structure,
paragraphing /
signposting.
Many inaccuracies in
spelling & grammar.
Nothing of merit.
No evidence of
appropriate
knowledge &
understanding.
Nothing of merit
No breadth or depth
to answer nor
reference to
relevant sources.
Nothing of merit.
No evidence of
analysis &
application.
Nothing of merit
Referencing system
was not or very poorly
used.

13
Harvard Referencing Style
Citing within the text of your work
The citation within the text of your work is a brief acknowledgement (Surname, Year). If you are using a
direct quotation or paraphrasing a specific idea you need to also include the page number, e.g.
(Surname, Year, p.12). This is so your reader can locate the specific information you are referring to.
Example paraphrase:
Manning (2007, p.3) has suggested that the media has become more willing to openly show examples of
drug culture. Others have referred to the development of a new ‘culture of intoxication’ (Measham and
Brain, 2005).
Example quotation:
“Here, then, is popular television drama offering us a picture of normalised poly-drug use as routine,
everyday life.” (Manning, 2007, p.3).
Book
Author surname, initials. (Year) Title. Edition if it is not the first edition. Place of publication: Publisher.
Newburn, T. (2017) Criminology. 3rd ed. London: Routledge.
Journal article
Author surname, initials. (Year) Title of article. Journal Name. Volume number (issue or part number),
pp.first and last page numbers.
Machin, D. and Mayr, A. (2012) Corporate crime and the discursive deletion of responsibility: A case
study of the Paddington rail crash. Crime, Media, Culture. 9(1), pp.63-82.
Cases
The name of the case is italicised and the year is placed in brackets.
Name of the case [Year] or (Year) Reference details (including vol number, Abbreviated Reference
Series, Starting page number)

For specific page reference: use the word ‘at’ instead of p.
Name of the case (Year) Reference details at Page number
Corr v. IBC Vehicles Ltd [2008] UKHL 13, [2008] 1 AC 884
Greutner v. Everard (1960) 103 CLR 177 at 181
Legislation
Title of Act Year
Human Rights Act 1988
Newspaper
Journalist surname, initials. (Year) Title of news item. Name of newspaper. Day, Month, pp.first and last
page numbers.
Rawlinson, K. (2017) Hate crimes against Metropolitan police up 56% in two years. The Guardian. 22
September, p.15.
Website
Author (Year) Title. Source [online]. Available from: URL [Accessed date].
Shannon Russell (2017) Intersectional Conversations. Centre for Criminology [online]. Available from:
https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/centres-institutes/centre-criminology/blog [Accessed 13/10/17].
14
Hertfordshire Law School
Extension Request Form
This form should be used where you have grounds for requesting an extension to an assessment deadline. Requests for
extensions must be made at least 3 working days before the deadline to level5lawextensions@herts.ac.uk and will be
considered by the Cohort Tutors. You will receive a decision within 48 hours. Reasons for the request must be set out
below and accompanied by supporting medical or other evidence.
Name of
student:
FOR SCHOOL OF LAW
USE ONLY
Student Number: Programme of Study:
Year of Study:
Reason for Extension Request:
(To be completed by student):
Please list assessments you require an extension for:
(To be completed by Cohort Tutor: )
Module
& Module Code
Assessment
element
Original
submission
date
Requested
extension
Please indicate that sufficient
evidence has been provided
to grant extension:
New Deadline:
e.g. Contract Law
4LAW1014
Coursework xx/xx/20xx 7 Days

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