Comprehensive Integrated Psychiatric Assessment
Following recent research, the level of mental health problems among children and adolescents has risen dramatically (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). The present-day life and current associations within the society contribute greatly to these adversities. Culture, environmental exposure, social and economic status are frequent predisposing factors to mental and behavioral disorders. For example, domestic violence, sexual assault and the rising prevalence of divorces are the most common causes of mental health problems among the youth (American Psychiatric Association, 2013. Nonetheless, assessing and treating children and adolescents is very challenging. Psychiatric mental health nursing practitioners (PMHNPs) ought to be patient and diligent when practicing mental assessments to this type of clients.
Based on the YMH Boston Vignette 4 Video
What did the practitioner do well?
At the beginning of the session, the nursing practitioner expresses his respect for the nursing code of ethics, conduct and autonomy. This is a good approach since it assures the client of his protection and the nondisclosure of his/her health information. Additionally, the nursing practitioner was keen to establish a sense of rapport between himself and his client. This was necessary to necessitate voluntary and ease of information sharing.
In what areas can the practitioner improve?
The nursing practitioner fails to warm-up the client at the start of the interview. It is advisable to start with a casual conversation before jumping into the main point (Kaplan, 2016). Failure to this (as evident in the Boston Vignette 4 Video) the patient keeps his guard up and even suggest that his mother should answer some of the PMHNP’s question. Also, it is imperative to
apply cognitive testing to help determine the client’s mental status at the time of visit (Kaplan, 2016). Contrary to this aspect, the PMHNP appears more interested in the patient’s history than his current status. Ideally, the PMHNP should improve on the areas noted above.
At this point in the clinical interview, do you have any compelling concerns? If so, what are they?
The nursing practitioner in the YMH Boston Vignette 4 Video seats causally and speaks rather sparingly. In comparison to the PMHNP in the YMH Boston vignette 1 video the practitioner seats and speaks directly to the client to capture his attention and cognitive status. This makes his client attentive unlike the patient in video 4. As a matter of facts, the practitioner shares a little enthusiasm in the client’s interests (basketball) to help improve the mood of the interview and consequently, derive more information (Merrell, 2013).
What would be your next question and why?
Question: Do you often lose temper on people other than your mum?
This question is necessary to help determine the specific triggers of the client’s anger. If the answer is ‘NO’, then it’s true that the mum triggers his anger through excessive pressure and nagging. However, if the answer is ‘YES’, then the frequent loss of temper would qualify as one of the symptom for mental health conditions such as intermittent explosive disorder (Kulper, Kleiman, McCloskey, Berman & Coccaro 2015