Literature Review

Part 1 – Part 3 is to gradually guide the student in developing the signature assignment. The idea is for the student to take a stepwise approach to completing the signature assignment. The signature assignment will be broken up into three steps: STEP 1 – Introduction and Overview of the Problem; STEP 2 – Project Purpose Statement, Background & Significance and PICOt Formatted Clinical Project Question; and STEP 3 – Literature Review and Critical Appraisal of the Literature. The three steps, when completed, will be combined in the final Signature Assignment formal paper in Week 8. 

 

STEP 3 – Literature Review and Critical Appraisal.

The student will complete the following items and submit a Word doc to the assignment link. 

 

  1. 1. Provide a title that conveys or describes the assignment.
  2.  
  3. 2. Literature Review – Provide the key terms used to guide the search for the evidence and provide at least five (5) summaries of research studies to support the evidence.
  4.  
  5. 3. Critical Appraisal of Literature – Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the evidence, what is known from the evidence and any gaps in knowledge from the research evidence.
  6.  
  7. 4. References – Cite a minimum of five scholarly references in APA 7th ed format.

 

 

 

 

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Literature Review

Chapter Two: Literature Review

Many cities within the U.S. have summer jobs programs for young people. This has been made possible with the Summer Youth Employment Program (SYEP) paving the way. Several other cities that initially did not have such initiatives for their residents have implemented them. This trend appears to be moving fast and most of the youth in the cities look forward to getting a chance to showcase their skills, improve on their theoretical knowledge, start and gain strong foundations for their careers, gain useful professional experience, and have a taste of employment (Kao & Tienda, 1998). The creation of these programs has taken the cities by storm. The investment towards that direction is immense. Supporters of the programs might have seen the benefits of it a long time ago, but it is about time for these programs to be scrutinized, analyzed, and given more recommendations for improvement. Perhaps, as a society, we can do better. There are several parts of these programs that need to be modified. This will ensure that the program builds more on its current success, empowers the young generation of this country, and develops great professionals that will drive the country’s future in a positive direction, in the coming years.

While this is a positive thing for the country’s young generation, the purposes of these programs have to be clear, elaborate, and above all attainable. Good introduction and transition. The SYEP Program in New York is the largest in the US by population (Gelber, Isen, & Kessler, 2014). Every summer, a great number of youth are recruited into the program. These programs usually take from five to seven weeks of youth’s summer holiday. At the onset of the program several years ago, the marginalized groups of society, particularly minorities, were to be the greatest beneficiaries. However, focus has since shifted from the minorities to everyone. Attaining the “American Dream” in these times is not based on a person’s race or colors but determination, hard work, and having the ability to identify several competitive advantages over others (Hacker, 2008).

During these summer programs, the participants are usually given a variety of jobs from the public sector and some private institutions too. They spend their summer holidays working under different departments of different organizations, giving them the ability to earn an income during this time. This could be a major boost to the youth and it is especially of great importance to youth from poor backgrounds, poverty-stricken neighborhoods, and those who have significant barriers to obtaining gainful employment and quality education. To some people, this is a form of financial empowerment. In actual sense, the current SYEP program has not been well utilized for the development of the participant’s financial independence (Sum, 2014). The youth should be given adequate information that not only empowers them, but gives them financial literacy.

Financial literacy for the participants in the youth employment program is essential for several reasons. According to Gallery, Gerry, and Natalie (2005), a society that appreciates the necessity of equipping its young people with financial knowledge is able to achieve greater financial development and success. A research was done by Biddle, Hilary, & Verdi (2009) to establish the link between early exposure to financial management in people and the ability to invest. It was found that young people who have access to financial literacy information during their teenage years are able to become great investors. Financial literacy equips a young person with information concerning budgeting, dependency on parents, investment techniques, and retirement planning.

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