Propose multi-method approaches to testing major criminogical hypotheses and evaluating the effectiveness of criminal justice policies and practices. 

Criminological Research Methods

Discussion one: Answer this question with 250 words

We’ve been learning about our options for conducting social science (including criminal justice, economic crime, and cybercrime) research. The straightforward approach is to select and use the single most appropriate research design, but a usually preferable approach is to use multiple research designs (and multiple measures of key variables). Why is this? Propose multi-method approaches to testing major criminogical hypotheses and evaluating the effectiveness of criminal justice policies and practices.

Discussion 2: Reply to Diondre’s answer to the question above with 200 words

Triangulation is essentially the process of using several different types of research methods to test the same findings. The reason triangulation is important and should be at the very least considered is that the different research methods all have their strength and weaknesses. For me this is very important because when attempting to prove a hypothesis it’s important that you are certain that the research you are doing can be proven in more than one way. For instance when doing math we all should arrive at the same answer (most times). The process to get to that answer can vary based off the way that you decide to do the math. The general idea remains that you should at the end arrive at the same answer. The same goes for research. For research to stand up on it’s own it has to be able to provide the same or similar answer even with different research methods.

Another example would be with fantasy baseball. A lot of people have different algorithms or ways to evaluate players but generally the best players will always end up as the best players regardless of your method in determining that.

When it comes to testing criminology theories the same rings true. One huge thing to keep in mind that if you’re only testing a hypothesis one way it is entirely possible that the data could be biased or skewed. If our research method was based entirely off of surveys via word of mouth those results could be entirely different than if i were to assign individuals a number and give a survey to the Nth person.

Using triangulation is key because it can help you weed out research methods that might not be appropriate given the research. If we have 3 methods that give us similar results and a 4th that is wildly different than the other three then it’s extremely likely that the 4th is not suitable.

Discussion 3: Reply to Justin’s answer to the question above with 200 words

Whenever I think of triangulation, I always think about the move pineapple express when Dale and Saul where talking about how they could be found with triangulation of their cell phone.  Triangulation is a powerful method for zeroing in on your target.  This can be especially true when doing research studies.  If you want your study to be credible, you first and foremost need to make sure that your data is accurate.  When collecting data with one method, there might of been something that was skewing your data to make it lean one way or another.  Take a leading questionnaire for example.  One might ask do you agree that this neighborhood has a high crime rate due to lack of police presence.  The lack of police presence could be the cause of the high crime rates, but also could be the make up of the community that leads to the high crime rate as well.  This is a leading question, so by having other methods to put other methods in check you can zero in on what you are studying or researching.  Usually the more data that pertains to a given subject the better. With the multiple research design, you are coming at a study with many different designs, which in turn is allowing you to have multiple measures of you key variables in your study.

From my example above, you could see what the cause for the high crime is in the at area by coming honing in on what the reasoning for it may be.  Could be several factors that lead to it, low budget for the police department, poor neighborhood with a high unemployment rate, or low supervision from parents due to one parent houses.  I can see why this would be preferable to use in research, but I assume having multiple avenues for collecting data is much more time exhaustive and cost much more money.  This must be why the single research design is the goto method for collecting data when doing criminological research.  Many of these studies have limited budgets, so one has to maximize the most for their money.

For my example above, I think you could use a longitudinal study, to see where the high crime might have originated from, if the crime rate has been increasing, decreasing over time.  You could also use an observational design comparing this neighborhood with another neighborhood with the same sort of makeup and seeing if the lack of police presence is indeed the cause of the high crime in the area.  The other area would be the control group.  This seems like a very realistic area to study, so I could see how coming at it with many different research designs would be a plausible way to making sure you are zeroing in on what you are trying to study.

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