what is legal?

This is four assignments and four different papers.

Part 1: Legal Search and Seizure

A crime scene investigator who is legally present at a crime scene may collect any evidence he/she believes is pertinent to the incident under investigation. However, the crime scene official needs to ensure that the following four legal requirements for collecting physical evidence are met:

  • Physical evidence should be searched and seized legally.
  • The crime scene and the collection of evidence should be documented completely and properly.
  • Each item of evidence collected should be properly packaged and have sufficient identification information.
  • Each item of evidence should have a proper chain of custody established and maintained.

Based on your reading material and individual research, discuss the legal aspects of a search and subsequent seizure of property that may or may not be related to a criminal incident. Define why the exclusionary rule has been created and how it is to be applied to the practical investigation of a crime scene. What is the basic premise of the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution? When may a police officer carry out actions that may violate the individual rights detailed under this Amendment?

Writing Guidelines

  1. Type your submission, double-spaced, in a standard print font, size 12. Use a standard document format with 1-inch margins. (Do not use any fancy or cursive fonts.)
  2. Read the assignment carefully and address the issue suggested. Part 1 should be a minimum of 250 words.
  3. Be specific. Limit your submission to the topic or issues mentioned.
  4. Include a reference page that lists websites, journals, or any other references used in preparing the submission.
  5. Proofread your work carefully. Check for correct spelling, grammar, punctuation, and capitalization

Part 2: Crime Scene Safety and Security

Cross-training in today’s specialized working environment can be significant. Nowhere in the forensic field is that more evident than in crime scene investigations. The crime scene investigator or technician can find him- or herself in many unique situations during an investigation. One way to ensure investigators are prepared for these circumstances is to be well-trained and schooled in the constantly changing nature of the work. Knowledge of hazards and proficiency with equipment will be the best way to ensure that a scene is properly investigated.

When responding to crime scenes, personal safety—limiting injuries and illnesses due to exposures—should always be a priority. This applies in the field as well as in the lab.

Crime Scene Safety

Discuss in detail the following aspects related to crime scene safety:

  • What bare minimum items of protective equipment would you include in your crime scene tool kit? Provide a list of such equipment and explain the purpose of each item in the list.
  • What are the three most common types of hazards you may encounter at a crime scene? For each of these hazards, list the personal protective equipment that you would wear to protect yourself.
  • If you reach a crime scene that may be hazardous (all scenes contain some type and level of hazard) and realize some of your protective equipment is missing from your tool kit, would you continue with your investigation? Why or why not? Use an example of a hypothetical crime scene that requires a specific type of protective equipment, and suggest any alternative items that could be used to collect evidence from that scene.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation’s website has comprehensive information on crime scene safety. You can also learn more about crime scene safety by searching the Internet using keywords such as the following:

  • Crime scene safety
  • Crime scene search
  • Personal protective equipment for skin at a crime scene
  • Personal protective equipment evidence magazine
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Nonroutine crime scene pathogens

Safety and Securing the Crime Scene

Please discuss fully your actions as a crime scene investigator regarding the following three hypothetical situations:

  1. After arriving at the crime scene, you observe that no first responding officers have secured the back yard area. You see onlookers milling about. You also notice an individual pick up a small object and run from the area. Once you’re advised of the information obtained by the detectives, you realize that the secure crime scene area should have been expanded. Discuss:
  2. What are the potential ramifications of this error?
  3. How can investigators avoid this potential problem?
  4. You’ve completed the walkthrough of the crime scene and have exited the house to formulate your plan for photography, which is the next step in the investigation process. You notice that you’re leaving bloody footwear impressions on the paved driveway. When you check your shoes, you realize that you forgot to put on your protective shoe covers. After reentering the scene, you find that you stepped into one of the pools of blood in the living room on your way out. This means you’ve added bloody footprints to the scene. Discuss:
  5. What steps, if any, would you take to document this error?
  6. How would you ensure that this will never happen again at a scene? What type of plan would you recommend be put in place?
  7. What must now be done to distinguish the bloody shoe prints left by your shoes from any others that may be located within the scene?
  8. You’ve been called to investigate a death of an individual found in a large agricultural field that was recently sprayed with agricultural chemicals. The scene is open and unprotected by any natural coverings.
  9. What will be your first step in processing this scene and why? How will you isolate and secure the scene?
  10. What levels of protective clothing would you use and why?
  11. What special equipment would you need to have available for this scene and why?
  12. What steps would you take to document this scene and why?

Writing Guidelines

  1. Type your submission, double-spaced, in a standard print font, size 12. Use a standard document format with 1-inch margins. (Do not use any fancy or cursive fonts.)
  2. Read the assignment carefully and address the issue suggested. Part 2 should be a minimum of 500 words.
  3. Be specific. Limit your submission to the topic or issues mentioned.
  4. Include a reference page that lists websites, journals, or any other references used in preparing the submission.
  5. Proofread your work carefully. Check for correct spelling, grammar, punctuation, and capitalization.

Part 3: Arson

On a clear fall evening, the local fire department was called to the Joneses’ residence regarding a report of fire inside the front room of the home. After suppressing the fire, it was identified as arson. Obvious ignitable liquid-pour patterns were seen on the furniture and wood floor in the living room. The front picture window was partially broken—not sufficient to allow entry, but possibly enough for a container to be thrown through. Someone, it appeared, had broken the window in an apparent attempt to stage a forced entry, without actually entering the house in the manner suggested by the broken window. All windows and doors were found in locked position. The scene was released by the fire officials to police custody.

You have been assigned this case and must investigate this scene. Investigators must be careful when entering a burned building, as the structure may collapse and there’s always the hazard of breathing poisonous chemicals such as toxic beryllium oxide and carcinogenic combustion products. Collecting and searching for evidence under such conditions is therefore not as simple a task as other, more straightforward scenes.

  1. Discuss whether or not a search warrant will be needed prior to conducting the investigation. Explain the circumstances that will be used to make that determination. Justify your decision.
  2. Based on your course material and personal research, discuss in detail how you will investigate this scene. Your discussion should include
  3. Plan
  4. Assignments
  5. Personal safety
  6. Special equipment, if any
  7. Techniques of evidence detection
  8. Seizure of evidence why it should be seized
  9. Any other consideration you believe is significant

Fully explain why this scene may require special techniques, skills, and knowledge not required of other types of crime scenes.

Writing Guidelines

  1. Type your submission, double-spaced, in a standard print font, size 12. Use a standard document format with 1-inch margins. (Do not use any fancy or cursive fonts.)
  2. Read the assignment carefully and address the issue suggested. Part 3 should be a minimum of 500 words.
  3. Be specific. Limit your submission to the topic or issues mentioned.
  4. Include a reference page that lists websites, journals, or any other references used in preparing the submission.
  5. Proofread your work carefully. Check for correct spelling, grammar, punctuation, and capitalization.

part 4

Your graded research project will be combining all assignments into one document. For each part you’ll write an essay addressing the issue assigned. These essays will be submitted as one file after you’ve completed all lessons. Be sure to include a title page, proper citation, and reference page. Make to not just combine the assignment but to make sure to edit and update your assignments.

Project will have:

  1. Title Page
  2. Introduction
  3. Part 1 (Assignment 1)
  4. Part 2 (Assignment 2)
  5. Part 3 (Assignmnet 3)
  6. Conclusion
  7. Reference Page

Your project will be based on the following criteria:

Part 1: 250 words minimum 20 points
Part 2: 500 words minimum 30 points
Part 3: 500 words minimum 30 points
Written communication 20 points

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