Sigmund Freud thought that negative childhood experiences would affect people throughout their lives. Today, psychologists place more emphasis on the positive experiences that help direct future development. Two important developmental processes are the achievement of a secure attachment to a caregiver and that of achieving some degree of autonomy. While these may seem to be opposites, they are both important in the development of fully functioning human beings.
As you think about your discussion post, consider the following:
What role does attachment play in the development of an individual?
What is the role of autonomy? How can parents help to produce the best possible development of both?
By the end of this discussion, you should be able to:
Discuss the role of nature and nurture as related to gender, prenatal development and infancy competencies
Describe physical, cognitive and social development during infancy and childhood
~Complete the following:
Parents or other caregivers play an important role in the development of children that can have an effect over much of the lifespan. Describe the role that parents or caregivers play in the development of attachment and the role they play in promoting autonomy. Is there a specific parenting style that you would recommend to assure the most effective development of both? Why?